Saturday, August 27, 2016


John M. Daniel’s Blog
August 27, 2016

I’ve just taken on a ghostwriting assignment. For professional and ethical reasons I can’t tell you who hired me for this job, or what the book is about. But ghostwriting is perhaps my favorite work, and it pays well, too; so I’ve decided to write an essay on the subject of ghostwriting in general: why I like the task, why it’s such hard work, the rewards in terms of satisfaction, and the perils of failure.

I don’t get these jobs often. I’ve been a professional editor for close to fifty years, during which I’ve whipped hundreds of manuscripts into shape by copy editing, line editing, and development or structural treatment. But these chores, though satisfying work for me, don’t thrill me anywhere near as much as creating, almost from scratch, a novel or a memoir, something with plot, conflict, and character. I specialize in stories.

Consequently, I’ve ghostwritten only seven books, of which five were novels of mystery and/or suspense, one was a mainstream novel, and one was a posthumous memoir. I consider these jobs some of my best writing, and of course I’d like to tell you to buy them and like them, but I can’t. I’ve turned down many ghosting jobs because they didn’t work as stories. I don’t feel qualified or inspired to write books of straight information and advice.

Ghostwriting is a tricky business, because my work must satisfy the client, who is justifiably sensitive to the sound of his or her  “voice.” I must spend time with the author to absorb how they talk and what they feel strongly about. It’s best  if this can happen face to face, but I’ve also gotten to know my clients through correspondence. Usually the client presents me with a mess of a first draft, which needs a complete overhaul. From that first draft I can get a general sense of the book I’ve been hired to write.

The next step is the outline. The ghost and the client work together, back and forth, hammering out a book outline, putting the events in order, defining chapters, sketching out the scenes, building a narrative arc for each of the scenes, each of the chapters, each of the “three acts,” and for the book as a whole. Making sure the climaxes come in the right places. An outline is essential, so that the client and the ghost can understand and agree on the architecture of the story. This is not a story that can be thought up and written down by the seat of one’s pants.

Then I start writing. I send my client batches as I progress, usually about twenty to thirty pages to start with. I expect to be paid for each batch I send. This is a crucial moment in the relationship. If the client doesn’t like what I’m doing, he or she can cancel the job. The client is required to pay me for work I’ve done, but can end the relationship if it’s not what the client wants. I’ve lost a few jobs in the early stages because my work didn’t live up to the client’s expectations. I was sorry to lose those jobs, but glad to know early in the game, and I’m happy that those relationships ended amicably.

Of course if the client’s complaints are just minor quibbles or corrections that can be dealt with easily, I’ll do that work for free. But if it turns out the author doesn’t like the way I write, or doesn’t share my convictions about how stories should be told, then it’s best that we     part.

Memoirs can be especially tricky, because the client may insist on complete accuracy about every detail of his or her life. My philosophy is that a good story is more important than absolute accuracy. I feel I should have leeway to make up dialogue for the sake of the plot, so long as I get the point across and am true to the characters speaking. The client may not agree, and the client is always right. I’ll always respect the client’s wishes and try to accommodate, but I’ve little patience for control freaks who make me guess about every detail and then reject my work because I inadvertently changed the color of somebody’s Chevrolet.

Mostly it’s good. People have asked me if I didn’t resent seeing a book I wrote be published under somebody else’s name. My answer is always, “Hey, what’s to complain about? I’m writing a fast-moving, entertaining story and probably getting paid more for it than I’d make in royalties if it were published with my name on the  title page.

Anyway, here I go again, writing somebody else’s book. I like the story, I like its “author,” and I hope this job brings us both the pleasure we both deserve for contributing another good book to the libraries of people who share our devotion to the Joy of Story.


Call for submissions: Your 99-Word Stories

The deadline for September’s 99-word story submissions is September 1. The stories will appear on my blog post for September 10, and will stay posted for a week.

note: this 99-word story feature is a game, not a contest. Obey the rules and I’ll include your story. I may edit the story to make it stronger, and it’s understood that you will submit to my editing willingly. That’s an unwritten rule.

Rules for the 99-word story feature are as follows:

1. Your story must be 99 words long, exactly.
2. One story per writer, per month.
3. The story must be a story. That means it needs plot (something or somebody has to change), characters, and conflict.
4. The story must be inspired by the prompt I assign.
5. The deadline: the first of the month. Stories will appear on this blog the second Saturday of the month.
6. I will copy edit the story. The author of the story retains all rights.
7. Email me your story (in the body of your email, or as a Word attachment) to:

THIS MONTH’S PROMPT FOR NEXT MONTH’S 99-WORD STORY: Write a story inspired by the following sentence: The Princess looked again into the mirror and said, “You’ve got to be kidding.”


Calling all published authors—

I try to feature a guest author the third Saturday (and week following) of each month. If you’re interested in posting an essay on my blog—it’s also a chance to promote a published book—email me directly at


Thank you for visiting. Please drop by next week.


  1. Nice summary of how it's done, John. I've only ghost-written once, so I know how difficult a job it is.

    1. Thanks, John. Yes, it is difficult, but it can be fun.

  2. Well said, John. I've never ghost-written and it's not on my bucket list, but I admire you and other writers who not only can do the job, but who enjoy it. Your clients are very fortunate.

    1. Thank you, Eileen. I've been lucky enough to work with nice people, people who admit when they need help. No fun editing for a client who wants to be a control freak.

  3. the ghostwriter's name is not referenced in any way in the published book?

  4. Sometimes the author (the client who hires the ghost) is nice enough to thank the ghost for "editing."

  5. What a commitment - to write and satisfy beyond your own standards!